The Hindu prisoners were freed on their conversion to Islam. Shivaji at the age of 19 inherited his family's wealth and land and rose to the status of chieftain operating from the western ghats near Pune. To make his formal coronation in Delhi. The three powers in the Deccan with which he had to deal were the Marathas and the two Shiah states of Bijapur and Golkunda. Holi and Diwali festivals were allowed to be celebrated with certain restrictions. After the death of Maharaja Jaswant Singh of Marwar, he declared Indersingh as the new ruler of Marwar. For the Hindus the only way to escape from the payment of various taxes like pilgrim tax, trade tax, Jizya, etc. Raja Jaswant Singh betrayed Aurangzeb one night before his main battle with Shah Jahan's army by fleeing from his rearguard entrenchment massacring and looting all the Mughals there, which led Aurangzeb to forever hold a grudge against Jaswant Singh and the Rathores. The most famous of the temples destroyed were those of Keshva (Krishan Janmabhoomi) in Mathura, Vishwanath in Varanasi and Somnath in Kathiawar. Getting jobs after conversion also became easier. He therefore, imposed different kinds of taxes. A new strategy of Maratha expansion began with Bajirao taking over as Peshwa in 1720 A.D. Now the systematic expansion towards North became the definite and declared policy of the Marathas. Aurangzeb felt that he was superior not only had he become superior to administer the empire in a better way but also to protect and strengthen Islam particularly its Sunni faith. Sikandar Adilshah died in a short life of 32 years. In Murtaza Khan mixed with Ahmad Nagar, and in 1619 AD to Bidar. Now I am going alone. 1619 AD to Bidar. This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our websiteGot it! They were not allowed to attend Muslim Madaras and Maqtabs. On the place called Bohan near Ujjain, Shah Jahan’s dear wife Mumtaz Mahal was born in the womb. The Maratha soldiers fell upon the army of Bijapur and routed them. During the time of Aurangzeb the Deccan situation was completely different due to the rise of Marathas under the brave leadership of Shivaji. The Deccan Policy of Aurangzeb was very aggresive. Akbar had abolished this tax on the Hindus but Aurangzeb again levied this tax. In the first year of his reign, he issued orders to the governor of Orissa to demolish all temples in the province. Aurangzeb in 1665 AD Jai Singh sent against Shivaji. I am sourly troubled; May the peace of God be upon you.”, Indian History, Mughal Emperors, Aurangzeb, Religious Policy, Religious Policy of Aurangzeb. Content Guidelines 2. To be honest, Padunath's Aurangzeb series (5 volumes) and Shivaji & His Times deserve a sweeping read through for this same reason. 4. When I have lost hope in myself, how can I hope in others? All sorts of promises were made to the converted. Stress the evolution of Mughal Deccan policy from Akbar to Aurangzeb. But after finally defeating Shuja and Dara in the battle of Khanjwa and Devagirai, again on 5 June 1659 AD. He attacked Bijapur which was ruled by the Adil Shahi dynasty. Aurangzeb’s accession in 1658 gave him an opportunity to fulfill his aggressive designs with regard to Deccan. And according to his last wish, he was buried near the grave of religious teacher, After joining Bijapur in the empire, Aurangzeb started his journey in 1686 AD. It should not happen that Musalmans be killed and the reproach should fall on the head of this useless creature. His chief aim was to convert Dar-ul-harb (India: the country of Kafirs or infidels) to Dar-ul-Islam (country of Islam). Restrictions on Hindu educational institutions: For destroying the culture of the Hindus, Aurangzeb destroyed their several educational institutions at Varanasi, Multan and Thatta. Forcing the, As a result of the Treaty of Purandar, Shivaji was handed over to his Mughals with four lakhs of rupees, and promised to help the Mughals against, Under the terms of the Treaty of Purandar, in the, 1690 AD Until the Mughal empire was on its climax, which spread from. However, in 1689 Sambhaji was captured and executed by the Mughals on various charges, including rape and murder. He reimposed the jizyah on non-Muslims and saddled them with religious, social, and legal disabilities. The Hindus were not allowed to occupy high administrative or executive posts. Jagatpura, Jaipur-303905, indiaolddays.com public, internal interest and personal finance (commercial fines). Behind this imposing facade, however, were serious weaknesses. The following three letters written by him to his sons clearly establish the fact that he was a staunch Musalman and he wanted to promote his religion. The Deccan Policy of Aurangzeb was very aggresive. Aurangzeb wanted to end the independent existence of the states of the South, because it was impossible to eliminate the power of the Marathas without ending their existence. There is no hope for me in the future. There is simply no comparison between Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb and Delhi Sultan Muhammad Bin Tughlaq (“Man of Ideas”) the two were totally different. Sharma, writing about the acts of religious intolerance of Aurangzeb has observed, “These were not the acts of a righteous ruler of constructive statesman, but the outbursts of blind fanaticism, unworthy of the great genius that Aurangzeb undoubtedly possessed in all other aspects.”. But up to 1681, Aurangzeb won on appreciable success in the Deccan. Demolishing temples and breaking idols: Even as a governor of Deccan he had pulled down several temples including the important Chintamani temple of Ahmedabad which he replaced with a mosque. Hence, began the downfall of Moguls and the great resurrection of Marathas, with latter winning the final contest. Welcome to HistoryDiscussion.net! Aurangzeb’s Deccan policy was influenced partly by imperial interests and partly by the religious considerations. was conversion to Islam. Shivaji also began raiding trading establishmen… It is said that as the destruction of Napoleon by the canker of Spain, destruction of the Deccan destroyed Aurangzeb. Aurangzeb issued order that except Rajputs, no Hindu could ride an elephant, a horse and a palanquin. The Maratha campaign continually drained … also helped the rise of the Maratha power. Aurangzeb’s Deccan Policy. It is believed that extinction of the states of Bijapur and Golconda was a prior necessity for the destruction of the power of the Marathas in the Deccan. In accordance with this policy in 1723 he made an incursion into Malwa, collected chauth, which deeply hurt the Mughal Empire. 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