Neither are mutually exclusive. Drawing upon decades of experience, RAND provides research services, systematic analysis, and innovative thinking to a global clientele that includes government agencies, foundations, and private-sector firms. These economic aspects are often overlooked and poorly understood, however they may help explain why some vulnerabilities are disclosed responsibly while others are not. United States Office for Human Research Protections . Simply select your manager software from the list below and click on download. Clinical Trials 0 10.1177/1740774520905596 Download Citation. Economic Vulnerability and Resilience: Concepts and Measurements. Contact us if you experience any difficulty logging in. Moral standards for research in developing countries: from “reasonable availability” to “fair benefits.”, Research at the auction block: problems for the fair benefits approach to international research. Login failed. Sign in here to access free tools such as favourites and alerts, or to access personal subscriptions, If you have access to journal content via a university, library or employer, sign in here, Research off-campus without worrying about access issues. Abstract: The purpose of this article is to address economic vulnerability in sustainable development. Approaches to payment for research participation, An analysis of U.S. practices of paying research participants, Why do we pay? If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Oxford Economics is a leader in global forecasting and quantitative analysis, with the world’s only fully integrated economic model and 250 full-time economists, we help our clients track, analyse, and model country, industry, and urban trends. Definition of Economic Vulnerability: Economic vulnerability refers to risks caused by external/exogenous shocks to system of production, distribution and consumption. Lean Library can solve it. The researchers drew on … Vulnerability research in climate change has, in some ways, a unique distinction of being a widely accepted and used term and an integral part of its scientific agenda. Erik Silfversten is a research leader at RAND Europe and co-director of the RAND Europe Centre for Futures and Foresight Studies (CFFS). Economic decisions taken in the vulnerability disclosure process largely depend on the particular incentives perceived by each actor at different stages of the process. research, literature review, case studies and expert interviews. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. An analysis of possible COVID-19 economic recovery packages shows the potential for strong alignment between the economy and the environment. Economic Vulnerability. Fernandez Lynch, H, Joffe, S, Thirumurthy, H. Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences . However, this sector is highly sensitive to changes in temperature and precipitation and increased climate change impacts. Email: esmith2@usc.edu.au This is an … last-mile-evacuation.de. This report describes characteristics of LGBT adults in California, a population of nearly 1.7 million, in relation to their vulnerability to economic harm from the COVID-19 pandemic. I have read and accept the terms and conditions, View permissions information for this article. Only a little over 10 percent of people in Japan, for instance, rate as economically vulnerable. National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical Behavioral Research . Luke Gelinas, Sarah A White, and Barbara E Bierer. The present paper, which refers to this index, first examines how a structural economic vulnerability index can be designed for the low-income countries in particular. The e-mail addresses that you supply to use this service will not be used for any other purpose without your consent. the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. The study also reaffirmed that the economics of vulnerability disclosure is an emerging area of research, with a clear need for additional empirical data and relevant research in a number of areas, including: Erik Silfversten, William D. Phillips, Giacomo Persi Paoli, Cosmin Ciobanu. Share of agriculture, forestry and fishing in GDPRemoteness and landlockednessShare of population living in drylandsInstability of agricultural productionVictims of disastersInstability of exports of He works at the intersection of technology, policy and the future and his primary research interests are complex, strategic policy challenges in relation to…, Will Phillips (he/him) is an analyst at RAND Europe working in the area of home affairs and social policy research. Halpern, SD, Karlawish, JHT, Casarett, D. Hawkins, J, Emanuel, EJ (eds). For love and money: the need to rethink benefits in HIV cure studies, Barriers to recruiting underrepresented populations to cancer clinical trials: a systematic review, Human rights and maternal-fetal HIV transmission prevention trials in Africa, Participants in the 2001 conference on ethical aspects of research in developing countries. Please check you selected the correct society from the list and entered the user name and password you use to log in to your society website. RAND Europe, a research unit of the RAND Corporation, Homeland Security Operational Analysis Center, Allies Growing Closer: Japan-Europe Security Ties in the Age of Strategic Competition, Autonomous Vehicles and the Future of Auto Insurance, Teleworking During the COVID-19 Pandemic Highlights Educational Inequity, Medical Mistrust Could Reduce Vaccine Uptake: Q&A with Laura Bogart. Our analysis supports the position that payment to economically vulnerable populations is ethically justified and indeed desirable when certain conditions are met. Between 2017 and the beginning of 2020, the different models had followed a common, slowly increasing trend of higher vulnerability. This product could help you, Accessing resources off campus can be a challenge. What makes research in developing countries ethical? Access to society journal content varies across our titles. May 2008. The study was carried out through a mixed-methods approach comprising desk research, literature review and key informant interviews. *Corresponding author. The Pardee RAND Graduate School (PRGS.edu) is the largest public policy Ph.D. program in the nation and the only program based at an independent public policy research organization—the RAND Corporation. The population of poor countries has a state that does not guarantee them minimum conditions of survival and sustenance, and in the pursuit of personal and social growth there is no concern with sustainable development. 4 Economic vulnerabilities to global health pandemIcs_____6 4.1 Direct impacts _____6 4.2 Economic exposure _____7 4.3 Economic resilience _____7 4.4 Overall vulnerability _____8 5 Which countries are most vulnerable to the impact of coronavirus? Harvard catalyst regulatory foundations ethics law program . 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Economic vulnerability and payment for research participation. × To Support Customers in Easily and Affordably Obtaining the Latest Peer-Reviewed Research, Receive a 20% Discount on ALL Publications and Free Worldwide Shipping on Orders Over US$ 295 Additionally, Enjoy … Economic vulnerability and payment for research participation, https://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/regulations-and-policy/belmont-report/read-the-belmont-report/index.html, https://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/regulations-and-policy/guidance/faq/informed-consent/index.html, https://cioms.ch/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/WEB-CIOMS-EthicalGuidelines.pdf, https://catalyst.harvard.edu/pdf/regulatory/PaymentGuidance.pdf, https://www.wma.net/policies-post/wma-declaration-of-helsinki-ethical-principles-for-medical-research-involving-human-subjects/, Making the case for completion bonuses in clinical trials, The ethics and regulatory landscape of including vulnerable populations in pragmatic clinical trials, Use of altered informed consent in pragmatic clinical research. Assistant Policy Researcher, RAND; Ph.D. In this paper, economic vulnerability is defined as the exposure of an economy to exogenous shocks, arising out of economic openness, while economic resilience is defined as the policy-induced ability of an economy to withstand or recover from the effects of such shocks. Vulnerability disclosure refers to the process of identifying, reporting and patching weaknesses of software, hardware, or services that can be exploited. Economic vulnerability and payment for research participation. She has to her credit many research articles published in international refereed journals. Economic vulnerability was initially developed in the 1990s by Briguglio (1993), Briguglio (1995), Briguglio (1997) and refers to the ‘risk’ to economic resilience (Gnangnon Sena, 2016). An Economic Vulnerability Index: Its Design and Use for International Development Policy Patrick Guillaumont To cite this version: Patrick Guillaumont. Assessing Socio-Economic Vulnerability to Climate Change Impacts and Environmental Hazards in New South Wales and Queensland, Australia ERIN F. SMITH*, NONI KEYS, SCOTT N. LIESKE and TIMOTHY F. SMITH Sustainability Research Centre, ML28, University of the Sunshine Coast, Locked Bag 4, Maroochydore DC, Qld 4558, Australia. (2009). Climate change represents a classic multi-scale global change problem in that it is characterized by infinitely diverse actors, multiple stressors and multiple time scales. Oxford Development Studies: Vol. … He has also developed expertise in methodologies including…, Nicole van der Meulen, Salil Gunashekar, Stefan Soesanto, Eun A Jo. There emerged a strand of literature proposing alternative measurements, and sometimes definitions, of economic vulnerability. The various actors within a vulnerability disclosure process are subject to a range of economic considerations and incentives that may influence their behaviour. View or download all the content the society has access to. If you have access to a journal via a society or association membership, please browse to your society journal, select an article to view, and follow the instructions in this box. The agriculture sector is fundamental to this development from the economic and social perspectives. The four models, introduced in a Liberty Street Economics post in 2018 and updated in a post last year, monitor vulnerabilities of U.S. banking firms and the way in which these vulnerabilities interact to amplify negative shocks. Economic incentives play a key role in whether users, vendors, finders and coordinators disclose vulnerabilities once they have been discovered. It is necessary to have processes in place to adequately identify, report and mitigate vulnerabilities. Was Unemployment Insurance Designed to Exclude Black Workers? In this paper, economic vulnerability is defined as the exposure of an economy to exogenous shocks, arising out of economic openness, while economic resilience is defined as the policy-induced ability of an economy to withstand or recover from the effects of such shocks. Simply select your manager software from the list below and click on download. A literature review exceeding 400 articles was conducted to ensure the relevance of all data that was collected and compiled into databases. Payment to economically vulnerable participants: distinctive issues, Potential directions for future empirical research, A framework for ethical payment to research participants, What’s the price of a research subject? Vulnerabilities are 'flaws' or 'mistakes' in computer-based systems that may be exploited to compromise the network and information security of affected systems. An important conclusion of this research is the fact that owing to their smallness and relative isolation, a number of You can be signed in via any or all of the methods shown below at the same time. Some society journals require you to create a personal profile, then activate your society account, You are adding the following journals to your email alerts, Did you struggle to get access to this article? Economic vulnerability is captured under the socio-economic category, which is computed as the arithmetic mean of indicators measuring development and deprivation, inequality, and aid dependency. While theoretically, either continuous or categorical variables may be used for constructing measures of economic vulnerability, the interpretation will be easier if the variable is categorical. For more information view the SAGE Journals Article Sharing page. There are also several possible vulnerability disclosure options that actors can engage in, including full, limited, or non-disclosure, which further influence the types of economic considerations and incentives that are present. This is important, as individuals of lower socio-economic standing are present in all disease groups and study populations. Here, a step was taken to ensure the relevance of the data within the domain of social and economic vulnerability research. Simply select your manager software from the list below and click on download. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Economic vulnerability. There has been significant analysis of the ethical and regulatory issues involved with paying research participants, but less attention has been focused specifically on paying economically vulnerable individuals and the unique challenges it may present. Clinical Trials 2020 17: 3, 264-272 Download Citation. View or download all content the institution has subscribed to. Executive Summary. Socio-economic vulnerability and epidemic risk by age. There are four main actor groups within the vulnerability disclosure process: Users, Vendors, Finders and Coordinators. It recalls the conceptual and empirical grounds of the index, considers the … This site uses cookies. We offer an analysis of these issues, focusing on four unique areas of concern: (1) whether the risk of undue influence is greater for economically vulnerable individuals than for wealthier ones; (2) whether payment unacceptably raises the risk of ‘unjust influence’ or disproportionate representation of poor people in clinical research; (3) the positive reasons in favor of paying economically vulnerable people that stem from the ethical value of fairness; and (4) appropriate compensation rates for economically vulnerable populations. 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