The US did not use an alternate designation, using USS (United States Ship) as it does for any ship operated by its navy. In this fleet he shipped men, women and children to a total number estimated at 40,000, nearly all of whom were drowned when a sudden gale destroyed the fleet. She is driven by two eight-cylinder four-stroke single-acting oil engines. British troopships are painted white, with a broad blue band round the hull, and a yellow funnel. Transport Ships can only be built when there are at least two Docks also built. If all Docks are destroyed or demolished, or only a single Dock remains, Transport Ships can't be built until there's at least a second Dock. Between the Boer War and the outbreak of war in 1914 the contract method of carrying the regular reliefs to India and the other overseas garrisons answered perfectly. Operationally, troopships are normal ships, and unlike landing ships, cannot land troops directly on shore, typically loading and unloading at a seaport or onto smaller vessels, either tenders or barges. It is unknown if the craft contains weapons or shields. As the supply of vessels owned in England was seldom sufficient, the Crown did not hesitate to use its right to requisition any foreign ships which were in English ports at the time, and whole squadrons were chartered from foreign flags. The transports were heavily built. Ships to transport troops were already used in Antiquity. Commercial shipping was encouraged to supply the facilities. The penetration of English mariners into the Mediterranean, and the observations that they made there, had a profound influence on English shipbuilding and naval architecture and made possible much of the country’s subsequent commercial progress. For many years these ships maintained the routine Indian trooping service. They were used for nearly thirty years for the regular Indian relief, although any sizable campaign forced the Government to turn to the Merchant Service. A short experience showed that, although she was a record breaker and a wonderful ship, she was long before her time as far as the Mercantile Marine was concerned. You can click on any of the names for possible additional information. The Assaye had a gross tonnage of 7,376, a length of 403 feet between perpendiculars, a beam of 54 ft 2-in and a depth of 36 ft 7-in. Often the troops were not given even hammocks but had to sleep on the filthy decks, which could not be cleaned because of the crowded state of the ships. In 1858 it was recommended that a regular service of Government transports should be inaugurated. The Admiralty followed the French fashion and, having taken out the lower deck guns, they sent the frigates to sea as transports. Soldiers climb down netting on the sides of USS McCawley (APA-4) on 14 June 1943, rehearsing for landings on New Georgia. The country’s difficulties in the Crimean War and in the Indian Mutiny naturally turned attention to the handicaps of the trooping service. In the purely military states the difficulty was generally the supply of boats. The transport ship Ascanius (A11) a steam passenger ship which was requisitioned in 1914 as troop transport for the Australian Expeditionary Force and returned to the owner in 1920. Ascanius was part of the first convoy of ships carrying troops for overseas service to leave Australia in November 1914. Into a total fleet of 800 sail he embarked five legions and 2,000 cavalry. Much of the trooping experience gained in the Mediterranean was put to good use by King John, whose numerous wars demanded big transport facilities. The cost was bound to be heavy, but after much discussion it was decided to carry the scheme into effect. other troop ships. The vessels had shallow draught, with good accommodation for horses, guns and men, but were well rigged for a fast passage, although it was not intended that they should be good sailers, as the attempt would naturally be made when conditions were most favourable. Although Edward III did great work for the Navy, he was essentially a soldier, and his naval interest was principally to supply and protect the means of transporting his armies. [A legion’s strength varied from 3,000 to 6,000 men.]. The only ships that can carry troops are transport ships (cogs, flutes, brigs etc) and you need to have enought transport ships (big ships such as Carracks and Galleons or Merchant ships such as Caravels and Frigates don't work) to carry all the regiments in your army. The transport ships… Then the same standards of comfort and efficiency cannot be expected. The trooping service was a nuisance to Portsmouth, but the London and South Western Railway was willing to offer superior facilities in Southampton Docks. The last of the Government troopers, the Malabar, was discarded before the 1896 season. January to June: The records of ships used to carry troops to their theaters of operations were destroyed intentionally in 1951. That was anxiety enough, for their sailing qualities were usually far behind those of men-of-war. The uniform and military routine of the eighteenth century were repulsive to the “tarpaulin”. Mobilization found the Navy short of men and, as the Government was unwilling, for political reasons, to resort to the Press Gang, the recruiting bounties offered by the Navy drained the Merchant Service of most of its trained seamen and the transport side suffered badly. Unit names are spelled out when they fit (but not always); so search for the unit number - e.g., "106" or "106th" for the 106th Infantry Division. The Bibby liner Dorsetshire, 9,645 tons gross, was specially fitted for transport service in 1926. When the vulnerability of these ships to return fire was realized most were used instead as troopship or hospital ships. IJN destroyers converted to high-speed transports fared better, but even the vaunted “Tokyo Express” was unable to carry and land sufficient quantities of men and materials to sustain protracted combat operations. Line, and the Dilwara, of the British India, were taken up on charter. As military operations became more complex the huge fleets of store ships and victuallers of all sorts made the problem more difficult still, for the store ships did not even have the sailing qualities of the ships that were chosen as transports. All through this period the Navy had the responsibility of protecting the big convoys of troopers. She has comfortable accommodation - specially designed for the purpose - for the officers, noncommissioned officers and men, in addition to taking a number of soldiers’ wives and children. The British India Company followed a similar policy with the Nevasa and the Neuralia. with a speed of 15 knots. Troop Transport Ships ... sailed on 9th March 1955 the sea was so rough that it took 7 hours and the noise of the waves crashing against the ship was scary. In the eighteenth century the Colonial Wars in various parts of the world demanded great transport facilities. Nearly every type in the Merchant Service was used as a transport of some sort, including giant liners, smaller liners and cross-Channel packets. Amphibious/Attack Transports were designed to sail to the site of amphibious operations carrying assault troops and support equipment. Each was designed to carry a full battalion with its supernumeraries, about 1,200 men in all. In 1935 the Bibby Line supplied the Lancashire, Dorsetshire and Somersetshire, and the British India Line the Nevasa and Neuralia. This included increased numbers of berths; often in cargo holds and conditions on board were cramped to say the least. "According to our [U. S. National Archives] records, in 1951 the Department of the Army destroyed all passenger lists, manifests, logs of vessels, and troop movement files of United States Army Transports for World War II." She has comfortable accommodation for officers, non-commissioned officers and men, and there are excellent state rooms for soldiers’ wives and children. Being much impressed by the merchant ships which «were employed on the English Channel trade, he seems to have copied them closely. For the shorter distances in the Mediterranean the Italian republics supplied most of the transport facilities, and appear to have evolved special and ingenious types for the purpose. 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